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Participants: Derya Akbaba * Ben Allen * Natalia-Rozalia Avlona * Kirill Azernyi * Erin Kathleen Bahl * Natasha Bajc * Lucas Bang * Tully Barnett * Ivette Bayo * Eamonn Bell * John Bell * kiki benzon * Liat Berdugo * Kathi Berens * David Berry * Jeffrey Binder * Philip Borenstein * Gregory Bringman * Sophia Brueckner * Iris Bull * Zara Burton * Evan Buswell * Ashleigh Cassemere-Stanfield * Brooke Cheng* Alm Chung * Jordan Clapper * Lia Coleman * Imani Cooper * David Cuartielles * Edward de Jong * Pierre Depaz * James Dobson * Quinn Dombrowski * Amanda Du Preez * Tristan Espinoza * Emily Esten * Meredith Finkelstein * Caitlin Fisher * Luke Fischbeck * Leonardo Flores * Laura Foster * Federica Frabetti * Jorge Franco * Dargan Frierson * Arianna Gass * Marshall Gillson * Jan Grant * Rosi Grillmair * Ben Grosser * E.L. (Eloisa) Guerrero * Yan Guo * Saksham Gupta * Juan Gutierrez * Gottfried Haider * Nabil Hassein * Chengbo He * Brian Heim * Alexis Herrera * Paul Hertz * shawné michaelain holloway * Stefka Hristova * Simon Hutchinson * Mai Ibrahim * Bryce Jackson * Matt James * Joey Jones * Masood Kamandy * Steve Klabnik * Goda Klumbyte * Rebecca Koeser * achim koh * Julia Kott * James Larkby-Lahet * Milton Laufer * Ryan Leach * Clarissa Lee * Zizi Li * Lilian Liang * Keara Lightning * Chris Lindgren * Xiao Liu * Paloma Lopez * Tina Lumbis * Ana Malagon * Allie Martin * Angelica Martinez * Alex McLean * Chandler McWilliams * Sedaghat Payam Mehdy * Chelsea Miya * Uttamasha Monjoree * Nick Montfort * Stephanie Morillo * Ronald Morrison * Anna Nacher * Maxwell Neely-Cohen * Gutierrez Nicholaus * David Nunez * Jooyoung Oh * Mace Ojala * Alexi Orchard * Steven Oscherwitz * Bomani Oseni McClendon * Kirsten Ostherr * Julia Polyck-O'Neill * Andrew Plotkin * Preeti Raghunath * Nupoor Ranade * Neha Ravella * Amit Ray * David Rieder * Omar Rizwan * Barry Rountree * Jamal Russell * Andy Rutkowski * samara sallam * Mark Sample * Zehra Sayed * Kalila Shapiro * Renee Shelby * Po-Jen Shih * Nick Silcox * Patricia Silva * Lyle Skains * Winnie Soon * Claire Stanford * Samara Hayley Steele * Morillo Stephanie * Brasanac Tea * Denise Thwaites * Yiyu Tian * Lesia Tkacz * Fereshteh Toosi * Alejandra Trejo Rodriguez * Álvaro Triana * Job van der Zwan * Frances Van Scoy * Dan Verständig * Roshan Vid * Yohanna Waliya * Sam Walkow * Kuan Wang * Laurie Waxman * Jacque Wernimont * Jessica Westbrook * Zach Whalen * Shelby Wilson * Avery J. Wiscomb * Grant Wythoff * Cy X * Hamed Yaghoobian * Katherine Ye * Jia Yu * Nikoleta Zampaki * Bret Zawilski * Jared Zeiders * Kevin Zhang * Jessica Zhou * Shuxuan Zhou

Guests: Kayla Adams * Sophia Beall * Daisy Bell * Hope Carpenter * Dimitrios Chavouzis * Esha Chekuri * Tucker Craig * Alec Fisher * Abigail Floyd * Thomas Forman * Emily Fuesler * Luke Greenwood * Jose Guaraco * Angelina Gurrola * Chandler Guzman * Max Li * Dede Louis * Caroline Macaulay * Natasha Mandi * Joseph Masters * Madeleine Page * Mahira Raihan * Emily Redler * Samuel Slattery * Lucy Smith * Tim Smith * Danielle Takahashi * Jarman Taylor * Alto Tutar * Savanna Vest * Ariana Wasret * Kristin Wong * Helen Yang * Katherine Yang * Renee Ye * Kris Yuan * Mei Zhang
Coordinated by Mark Marino (USC), Jeremy Douglass (UCSB), and Zach Mann (USC). Sponsored by the Humanities and Critical Code Studies Lab (USC), and the Digital Arts and Humanities Commons (UCSB).

CCS Bibliography

Add new titles for our Critical Code Studies Bibliography or add them directly to this Google Doc.


  • edited January 2020

    I'd like to recommend this article, it's from 2010, but I still refer to it from time to time:

    Does Your Language Shape How You Think?
    August 26, 2010, New York Times

  • Thanks for posting this, I hadn't read it in years but it's a great one, especially about language and gender.

    I have a lot of questions about his description of Sapir-Whorf; the examples he gives (the future tense and Schadenfreude ones) are so ridiculous, it's hard to believe that's really what the theory claimed. I don't understand how we would ever learn a new word in that scenario.

    But when he gets past that, the actual language differences are fascinating. It reminds me of a piece that Allison Parrish used to reference a lot about how different cultures see color, based on which colors have names and how they are grouped.

    (Also, hi Patricia! Nice to see ICP folks here)

  • I'd like to suggest: Gamma, Erich; Helm, Richard; Johnson, Ralph; Vlissides, John (1995). Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-201-63361-0. Design patterns in code have their inspiration in scalable design concepts in architecture developed by Christopher Alexander in his 1977 book A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Design patterns have apparently been much more successful in programming than in architecture. Arguably (there has been some controversy around design patterns from the get go), design patterns offer an analytical tool for examining code at medium and large scale. They also drift into cultural patterns, particularly as they organize processes and information. Design Patterns offered a "toolkit" of solutions rather than a hierarchical or universalizing approach to design that resonates still. The book itself has many code examples. The patterns provide procedural metaphors that suggest wider applications.

  • Hi @Temkin, great to see you here too!
    Also, I really like Allison Parrish's work, which I was fortunate to hear at...ICP!

  • By the way, we also have this Zotero group for amassing a Critical Code Studies reading list. Please, join in and help us find as wide a range of readings as possible.

  • Why am I only seeing this book now?

    If...Then: Algorithmic Power and Politics by Taina Bucher.

  • This article shows educational activities involving k-12 students in an after/before school project using the Extensible 3D language and interactive digital resources.

    FRANCO, Jorge Ferreira; LOPES, Roseli de Deus, Uso do Potencial de Sistemas de
    Realidade Virtual como Suporte para Aprender através de Processos Exploração,
    Observação e Construção Colaborativa de Conhecimento. In: Congresso Brasileiro de
    Informática na Educação, CBIE, Workshops (WCBIE 2013), 2013. Disponível em:

    This paper has been part of evolutionary studies related to using coding for building 3D virtual reality environments at k-12 levels.

    FRANCO, J. F.; LOPES, R. D., Developing an Interactive Knowledge-Based Learning Framework with Support of Computer Graphics and Web-based Technologies for Enhancing Individuals’ Cognition, Scientific, Learning Performance and Digital Literacy Competences. In: Nobuhiko Mukai. (Org.). Computer Graphics.(Intech, Croatia, 2012), v. 1, pp. 229-256. Disponível em:

    This text presents a propose for inspiring coding skills as way of including people (students at k-12 levels) with hearing problems in the computer science world within a mood that is integrated with learning sciences concepts

    FRANCO, J. F.; LOPES, R. D., Uma proposta de uso de sistemas avançados de visualização de informação com uma forma de influenciar inclusão digital e social de individuos com necessidades especiais. In: I Congreso Iberoamericano de Accesibilidad Audiovisual (CIAA 2011),Ecola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil, 8 e 9 de dezembro, 2011. Disponível em:

    This article presents a collaborative interdisciplinary educational work inside and outside a school environment work based on coding and constructing 3D environments.
    FRANCO, Jorge Ferreira; LOPES, Roseli de Deus, Knowledge Development through
    Collaborative Work Supported by Interactive Technologies. In: Representing and
    Analyzing Collaborative Interactions: What works? When does is Work? To what extent?
    12th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED Workshop 6,
    Editor Rosemary Luckin, 18-22 July, Amsterdam, Holland, 2005. Disponível em:

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